I just read an article about how the credit crisis has caused a surge in domestic violence. Apparently the National Centre for Domestic Violence(UK) saw a 40% increase in victims seeking support last month.
The statistics sounds very scary. 40% is after all a huge amount. This sudden increase is attributed to the credit crunch, which is making a lot of people stay at home in an effort to save money. The stress of the credit crunch, along with is being the holiday season, must also be taking a huge toll, for the figures to jump so much. One in four women, apparently, will experience domestic violence in their lifetime – and this may be more as a lot of cases are not disclosed.
That set me thinking about the statistics in India. If it is so bad in Britain – it must be much worse in India. In the UK – there has been a lot of campaign in an effort to reduce domestic violence. When I was pregnant – I was surprised on being asked by the midwife if I am being subjected to domestic violence. It was a routine question as apparently a lot of women report increased domestic violence when they are pregnant, so the government tries to take pro-active steps to curtail it.
Surprisingly, I could not find much updated data about statistics in India. Some of the information I found was surveys done in 2003! According to the UN , around two thirds of married women in India are subjected to domestic violence. The only countries with higher percentages are Egypt and Zambia. The UN report indicates that ‘ women with tangible economic assets were less likely to be victims of domestic violence than those who lack them, the report cited Kerala as an example.
“In Kerala, a survey found that 49 per cent women without property reported domestic violence compared with only seven per cent who owned property,” it said ‘. So it does look like financial freedom has helped in reducing domestic violence – according to this survey. However, I did read other reports, which indicate that violence has increased with women’s education! Alternatively, it might just mean that women are more aware, so they tend to report abuse than just accept it as their fate.
I was reading the other day about how, many women actually think they are to blame for the violence they are subject to and in India, especially where the a lot of women live with their in-laws, this is further compounded. Furthermore, they hardly have the freedom, to step outside their houses, leave alone report the abuse. I have even heard of instances where the police has refused to ‘interfere’ as it is a ‘domestic matter’ between the spouses..
According to studies done on the effect of domestic violence on children indicate that the damaging influences could lead to adjustment problems as well as undermining the mother-child relations. I had once read a true-life account of a woman who had been abused, she used to see her mother abused , so she grew up thinking that it was ‘normal’ and ‘to be expected’! Her expectations were based on what she saw and experienced as a child, making her a prime target for marital abuse. It took her a long time, before she came to realise that she was being abused and that she could stand up against it!
In this post, I have just touched upon physical domestic violence, mental domestic violence is also equally prevalent and equally damaging – but far more difficult to report and address, especially in nations like ours where men culturally have the upper hand.